Notes from the Trading Desk – EuropeJun 24, 2019

Franklin Templeton’s Notes from the Trading Desk offers a weekly overview of what our professional traders and analysts are watching in the markets. The European desk is manned by eight professionals based in Edinburgh, Scotland, with an average of 15 years of experience whose job it is to monitor the markets around the world. Their views are theirs alone and are not intended to be construed as investment advice.

Trading Desk Europe

Global equities were stronger last week as further dovishness from central banks provided support. Focus also shifted to the upcoming meeting between US President Donald Trump and his Chinese counterpart Xi Jinping at the G20 summit later this week. The euro ended the week largely flat despite some dovish commentary from European Central Bank (ECB) president Mario Draghi. The dollar was weaker amid strong market expectations of a US Federal Reserve (US Fed) interest rate cut in July. That move in the dollar supported commodities through the latter half of last week.

The Digest

Enter the Draghi


Dovish central banks have been a market theme for us for a few weeks now. That continued last week with the ECB, the US Fed, the Bank of Japan (BOJ) and the Bank of England (BOE) all in focus.

The ECB conference in Sintra, Portugal, was the focus for us in Europe. Hopes of European economic growth remain hindered by continued weak data points across the region.

At the start of the year, the market put the probability of a eurozone interest rate hike by the end of the year at just under 25%. Within six months market opinion had shifted in favour of a further interest rate cut. After last week’s ECB meeting the market is now pricing in an 85% chance of a cut this year.

Draghi stated that the central bank would do whatever it deemed appropriate to fulfil its mandate. He added the current policy framework allowed the bank “to adapt our forward guidance and react flexibly as the macroeconomic situation evolves”.

Naturally, Draghi’s comments were taken as dovish by the markets. They were also taken as confirmation that the ECB accepts its role in supporting the lagging eurozone via shifts in monetary policy.

The only question left was: with what conviction? Draghi’s perceived willingness to act made the markets sit up and take note. The ECB has a number of options in its toolkit. Alterations to forward guidance, rate cuts and further quantitative easing are all possible measures it could take. We expect the June flash eurozone inflation estimate on June 28 will be watched closely by the ECB.

Eurozone equities rallied on the back of the ECB president’s comment, while the euro fell slightly. Unsurprisingly, the banks were the initial underperformer versus the market, but rallied later on Tuesday.

Utilities led the way for most of the day on Tuesday as bond proxies were strong after a further dip in bond yields. Italian 10-year government bond yields were down 8% on the day, while German bund yields hit a fresh record low.

US Gears for Expected Rate Cut in July

In the United States, the market had been quite clear in it did not expect a Fed interest rate cut in June. However, sentiment is now heavily weighted towards a cut at the July meeting. US equities have rallied of late on the expectation that this cut will materialize.

Wednesday’s post-meeting Fed commentary, once again, was dovish as the bank slightly updated its commentary wording.


While the bank kept interest rates on hold and made no change to its outlook on growth, it did cut inflation forecasts.

It seems trade tensions with China as well as consistently weak economic data points have made it impossible for the Fed to ignore the future impact on the country’s economic trajectory.

With a rate cut now pretty much certain, analysts are now focussing on the extent of the cut – whether it will be 0.25% or 0.50%.

Most economists favour 0.25%.

The dollar sold off into the end of the week. US equities extended Tuesday’s rally through Wednesday and into Thursday.

Bank of England Holds Rates

Elsewhere, on Thursday, the Bank of England kept interest rates on hold at 0.75%. It did however revise down its economic growth prediction for the second quarter. They had previously projected growth of 0.2% in the second quarter but now predict growth will be flat. Sterling was down slightly but quickly recovered. Finally, also on Thursday, the Bank of Japan left short-term rates unchanged.

Trade optimism ahead of G20

invest screen

There was no breakthrough between the United States and China on any kind of trade deal last week. Meanwhile there were mixed expectations for the meeting between the US and Chinese presidents at the G20 meeting in Osaka this coming weekend.

Last weekend, US Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross had attempted to manage those expectations where he stated that the most we could hope for from the leaders’ meeting was simply an agreement from both sides to re-commence talks.

President Trump tweeted on Tuesday that he’d had a very good telephone conversation with President Xi and noted that they would have an “extended meeting” in Osaka.

Later in the week, we saw reports in Chinese state media which played down hopes for any resolution once again. Optimism remains however that progress can be made at this meeting to remove some of the uncertainty which has weighed on equity markets of late.

In terms of sector moves, tech names led the way in Asia and came a close second in the United States behind energy stocks as markets remained optimistic over a deal being struck.

There was a clear cyclical rotation in the US with moves into more risk equities. Industrials were up and traded back towards all-time highs.

Meanwhile, materials and consumer staples lagged on the week in the US, albeit still trading in positive territory.

In Asia, as noted, tech names were particularly strong on the week on optimism early on Wednesday that an agreement between the US and China could be reached. The cyclical rotation was clear here too with utilities, consumer staples and healthcare the underperforming sectors on the week, although all trading higher.

US/Iran escalation

Geopolitical tension was back on the front pages this week as US relations with Iran caused shockwaves once again in the Middle East.

The previous week, the US officially announced that it suspected Iran was responsible for two attacks on oil tankers in the Gulf of Oman.

oil barrels

Around 20% of globally consumed crude oil passes through the Strait of Hormuz (which connects the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman) so the importance of this sea passage is obvious.

The impact of these headlines on markets stems mainly from oil prices as they impact a strategically crucial region. Any potential disruption to supply in the Middle East will provide material support to oil prices and this comes despite demand for oil being particularly soft and subject to downgrades recently.

Over the weekend, the US announced it intends to introduce new tariffs on Iran with the objective of stopping Iran producing nuclear weapons. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said such sanctions would be “significant”. These headlines were reflected in market moves in early trading on Monday with oil trading higher for much of the morning.

Last Week


European equities benefited from improved investor sentiment as Draghi’s dovish comments set the tone for the week. Italy outperformed, as talk of fresh ECB stimulus saw Italian bond yields tighten significantly. The spread between the Italian and German 10-year yields tightened back towards year-to-date lows.

In terms of European macro data, purchasing manager index data results were mixed. French June Flash Composite PMI came in ahead of estimates, as did the German Composite PMI. Despite this, the Eurozone release eventually came in lower than expected.


A backdrop of dovish central bank commentary and a rekindling of optimism on the US/China trade talks lifted US equities last week.


Asian equities enjoyed a better performance last week. Japanese equities underperformed the other major stock markets in the region, not helped by weaker data, although still managed to finish nearly in positive territory. Hong Kong had a good week, boosted by the rally in tech stocks on the back of hopes around US/China trade talks. Chinese equities were strong for the same reason.

Away from all the trade headlines, it was a quiet week in terms of macro data. There were a couple of rather disappointing prints out of Japan with manufacturing PMIs falling to a three-month low in June while core consumer price index (CPI) inflation edged lower in May.

Week Ahead


  • The main focus this week will be the G20 leaders’ summit on Friday with all eyes on any progress on trade between the US and China.
  • We also expect focus on headlines coming out of the Middle East, including new US sanctions on Iran, and the impact on oil prices.

Look Out For... (June 24 - July 1):

Monday, June 24

  • New Zealand May Trade Report Published Link

Tuesday, June 25

  • New Zealand Interest Rate Decision Link

Wednesday, June 26

  • US Congressional Budget Office Releases Long-Term Budget Outlook Link

Thursday, June 27

  • Spanish June Consumer Price Index Link
  • German June CPI Link
  • US First-Quarter Gross Domestic Product Link

Friday, June 28

  • Canada April GDP Link
  • UK First-Quarter GDP Link
  • Spanish First-Quarter GDP Link
  • French May CPI Link
  • Eurozone June CPI Link
  • Japan June CPI Link
  • Japan May Industrial Production Link

Monday, July 1

  • Holiday in Canada and Hong Kong
  • Reserve Bank of Australia Interest Rate Decision Link
  • German June Unemployment Report Link


  • Tuesday: Japanese services producer price index (PPI); US consumer confidence and new home sales
  • Wednesday: US durable goods orders and wholesale inventories
  • Thursday: Chinese industrial profits; Japanese retail sales; Eurozone economic sentiment
  • Friday: Japanese and Korean industrial production; US personal income/spending and Eurozone CPIs

Monetary Policy

  • A number of Fed speakers are speaking this week, which should be interesting after last week’s Fed meeting
  • In Europe, BOE governor Mark Carney speaks on Wednesday and the ECB’s governing council member Ewald Nowotny speaks on Thursday.
  • Thailand and New Zealand interest rate announcements on Wednesday.

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