Proxy Voting Policies & Procedures

Each Franklin Templeton affiliated investment advisor understands its fiduciary duty to vote proxies and further understands that proxy voting decisions may affect the value of shareholdings. All of our affiliated investment advisors have adopted proxy voting policies and procedures that serve as a guideline for proxy voting decisions and detail the process by which such decisions are made.

Please click on the link below for each advisor's current proxy voting policies and procedures.

Franklin Templeton Advisors

Franklin Templeton Sub-Advisors